Diuretics

Read full story

Many are interested in what it is Diuretics (diuretic) and how they affect the body. These drugs specifically affect the kidneys and promote the excretion of urine. Most diuretics can inhibit the reverse absorption of electrolytes in the tubules of the kidneys. The increase in the release of electrolytes is accompanied by an increase in the release of the liquid.

The effect of diuretics on the body

  • Reduction of blood pressure
  • Reducing the need for myocardium in oxygen
  • Obstacle to development
  • Elimination of excess fluid

Diuretics also possess nephroprotective, cardioprotective, antiepileptic, bronchodilator and spasmolytic effect.

What does diuretic (diuretic) mean in medical practice? The hypotensive effect is due to sodium retention in the body and a decrease in the volume of fluid in the body. As a result of this, a reduction in blood pressure is maintained for a long time. In addition, they lower the level of calcium and retain magnesium, which reduces the burden on the left ventricle of the heart. This action improves microcirculation in the kidneys and prevents cardiovascular and renal complications.

The diuretic effect of the drugs can reduce intraocular and intracranial pressure. Due to the inhibition of the activity of neurons, diuretics display an antiepileptic effect. Some drugs (Indapamide) have a positive effect on the kidneys and heart, and for a long time serve as a protector for these organs. There are such tools that relax smooth muscle and have an antispasmodic effect. These include Aminophylline and Theobromine.

The use of diuretics in medicine

Although they have found wide application for the therapy of various diseases, you should know that not all drugs have the same effect, so first you need to understand – what are diuretics?

  • Thiazides
  • Loopback
  • Potassium-sparing
  • Osmotic

Thiazides (Bendroflaizide, Dichlorothiazite, Hypothiazide) have moderate activity. Along with the liquid, the preparations produce large amounts of sodium, chlorine and potassium. They are used for arterial hypertension and heart failure in mild form.

The action of the loop (Metolazone, Furosemide) is more pronounced, but short-lived. They are used to stop pulmonary edema or with peripheral edema.

Potassium-sparing (Veroshpiron, Amyloride) is taken to prevent hypokalemia in combination with other diuretics, since these drugs poorly draw out the liquid.

Osmotic diuretics (Manitol) are used for forced diuresis or with edema of the brain.

Showing the single result

Showing the single result